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How Can One Avoid Kidney Stones?

Kidney stones are the depositions of minerals and other substances that result in the formation of stone-like masses ranging from the size of a speck of dust to as large as a tennis ball. Nephrologists say that these stones can get deposited in the other parts of the body such as gall bladder or urinary tract, urethra and even the urinary bladder.It happens so that after the minerals are absorbed by the body, the excess of it is deposited to the kidney through the blood-stream. These minerals or waste products are removed from the kidney through urine. Now in cases when there is very little liquid in the body or excess of these waste deposition, crystal formation starts and all these crystals stick together to form a stone. Urology doctors in India suggest that kidney stones are prevalentin both men and women with more cases reported in men.

Symptoms of Kidney stones:

Nephrologist doctors in Jaipur talk about the various symptoms associated with kidney stones, some of which are:

  • Discolouration of urine i.e. the colour of urine changes to pink, brown
  • Traces of blood in the urine
  • Pungent or foul-smelling urine
  • Fevers and chills
  • Excessive urge to urinate
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Persistent moving pain in the lower abdomen and groin region of the body. The intensity of pain varies a lot, from severe to mild.

Major types of kidney stones:

There is a total of four major types of kidney stones which are calcium stones (most common), struvite stones (can be very large), uric acid stone and cystine stone (the result of a rare hereditary disorder called cystinuria). Approximately 85 percent of the kidney stones which are of very small radius get flushed out of the body through urine without medical intervention. Treatment for all the abovementioned types is offered at the best kidney hospital in India.

What causes kidney stones?

Although no specific cause has been determined, kidney stones may be a result of any of the following Very little water intake

  • Family history of the problem
  • Frequent urinary and renal infection
  • Intake of excessive salt in the food
  • Consumption of low fibre and high protein diet
  • Being overweight or obese

Healthy practices that help you prevent kidney stones:

There are various factors which increase the risk of kidney stones, such as, personal history, dehydration, diet, obesity, medications, digestive diseases and so on. In order to avoid kidney stones, the person has to follow a minimum of these precautionary measures:

  • Staying Hydrated: Drinking plenty of water is the best way to prevent kidney diseases. As low urine output means the urine is concentrated and is less likely to dissolve the kidney salt.
  • Eating a more calcium-rich food: It is a misconception that calcium-rich food will lead to kidney stones, the most common element of the kidney stone being calcium oxalate, but the opposite is true. As a low calcium diet leads to greater risk to kidney stones as well as osteoporosis. In case you plan on taking calcium supplements, do take these with the meals and not alone as a replacement of food.
  • Eating less sodium: A high-salt diet increases the risks of calcium kidney stones. According to specialists, too much salt in the urine prevents calcium from being reabsorbed from the urine to the blood. This causes high urine calcium, which may lead to kidney stones.
  • Eating less animal protein: Animal protein is acidic in nature hence it might increase urine acid. Higher urine acid will lead to increase of oxalate and uric acid. It is always advised to consume red meat as well as white meat in moderate servings.
  • Avoiding vitamin C supplements: It can be a cause of kidney stone in men. Many studies support this argument and it is suggested for men to consume natural products for vitamin C than any supplement. A consultation with a physician can be helpful too.

Tags: Urology doctors in India, Nephrologist doctors in Jaipur, kidney hospital in India, Eternal Hospital