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How Does Minimally Invasive Heart Surgery Work?

About minimally invasive heart surgery

As the name suggests, minimally invasive heart surgery refers to the entire gamut of heart procedures performed using the least invasive techniques to ensure minimal complications and faster recovery. The procedure is usually carried out with the help of a catheter. Cather based minimally invasive procedures can help to treat a variety of heart problems related to the valves and arteries. Such procedures can be used for both repair and replacement of the affected valve. Valvular diseases have become quite widespread nowadays owing to unhealthy eating habits and sedentary lifestyle. These may be congenital as well as acquired later and are more likely to affect elderly people. The advent of the minimally invasive procedure has given a new boost to heart disease treatment in India.


The human heart has four valves lying between the four chambers. Each valve plays a vital role in regulating the normal functioning of the heart and if any of the valves fails to function properly it can lead to serious complications like stroke, heart attack, heart failure and even death.

During the minimally invasive surgery, the patient is given general anaesthesia to induce unconsciousness. This is followed up by introducing the catheter inside the patient’s body via a very small incision made on his arm or chest or through the groin. The catheter is slowly directed towards the affected valve with the help of a small camera that helps to generate live images of the whole procedure on a large screen. The heart doctors may use a special die to make the area more visible.


The catheter is fixed a balloon on one of its ends. This balloon is inflated when the catheter is in the right position to force open the walls of the affected valve. The balloon is deflated after the procedure is carried out and removed along with the catheter.


Depending upon the valve affected and the extent of damage, the doctors decide whether they can repair the original valve or need to replace it with an artificially created graft.  

Minimally invasive heart treatment in India is offered at all the leading heart hospitals in India and is highly recommended by the doctors and surgeons. The use of cutting edge technology adds to the accuracy and precision thereby adding to the success rate.


Benefits of minimally invasive heart surgery

The various benefits of minimally invasive heart surgery are mentioned below:

Ø  Unlike the conventional open-heart surgery, minimally invasive surgeries can be performed as an outpatient procedure which means that you will be discharged on the same day.

Ø  Minimal blood loss

Ø  Faster healing

Ø  Lower chances of infection

Ø  Minimal scarring

Ø  Quicker resolution for pain

Ø  In some cases, it may even be performed without the use of a heart-lung bypass machine which otherwise involves complications of its own.


Owing to all these benefits, the surgery can even be performed on patients who were not considered to be eligible for the traditional open-heart surgery. This includes patients suffering from hypertension and diabetes.

Tags: Heart disease treatment, Minimally invasive heart treatment, Best heart doctor, Eternal Hospital