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What are the Indications for Kidney Stone Surgery

About Kidney Stone:

Kidney stones are solid deposits of unwanted minerals and waste products like uric acid that get accumulated over a span of time and lead to chronic pain and discomfort. The size of the stone varies from person to person. In some cases, the stone passes out on its own, whereas is some other cases you might even need surgery. You can easily find one of the leading hospitals for Kidney stone treatment in Jaipur.

Major Indications:

The four major indications for Kidney stone surgery as suggested by doctors hailing from the best Urology Surgery hospital in India are as under.

When the stone is very large and does not pass out on its own even after taking the prescribed medication.

If the pain caused by the stone is unbearable.

If the stone is creating hindrance in the normal flow of urine.

When there is an increase in the occurrence of urinary tract infection.

Types of Surgeries:

There are basically for different types of procedures or surgeries used in the removal of kidney stones. These are as under:

Shock Wave Lithotripsy- It is a non-invasive procedure that is usually recommended in case of small or medium-sized stones. The stone is first located with the help of an x-ray or ultrasound machine and then high energy shock waves are applied on it due to which the stone breaks up into small parts and us then normally passed out with the urine.

Ureteroscopy- The procedure is best suited for stones present in the kidneys as well as the ureters. It involves the use of a thin, flexible instrument fitted with a scope and a small basket. In case of larger stones, doctors might even use a laser beam to break it into smaller particles which can be then removed easily.

Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy- Also known as percutaneous nephrolithotripsy is a technique used in the removal of abnormally large kidney stones. The procedure is carried out with the help of a small tube which helps to induce high-frequency sound waves on the stone and break it into smaller fragments. The procedure takes about 20 to 45 minutes and the patient is required to take complete bed rest for a day or two after the surgery.

Open Surgery- with the advent of new, minimally invasive procedures, open surgery has lost its relevance and is performed very rarely. It is performed under the influence of anaesthesia and is used in cases where the stone cannot be removed or crushed using other treatment procedures.

After the Surgery

The surgery surely helps with the pain and discomfort but it does not mean that the problem cannot return back in future. Hence it is recommended to follow a healthy lifestyle and stick to all the guidelines set by the doctor to avoid such problems in future. A healthy and balanced diet is very important along with an active lifestyle.

Tags: Kidney stone treatment, urology surgery hospital, ureteroscopy, percutaneous nephrolithotripsy, eternal hospital