Diabetes and its effects
Diabetes is a group of metabolic diseases characterized by high blood glucose levels that result from defects in the bodys ability to produce or utilize insulin. Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas that helps maintain normal blood sugar (blood glucose) level. There are three types of diabetes. Type 1 diabetes usually starts in childhood, involved in taking insulin shots daily. Type 2 diabetes starts in the later stage of the life. This condition can be managed with medications and diet. Gestational diabetes occurs during pregnancy when women without history of diabetes develop high sugar levels during pregnancy. Osteoporosis occurs when the rate of bone loss is higher when compared to the rate of bone formation. Osteoporosis causes the bones to become weak and brittle. It affects men and women of all races. Osteoporosis and Diabetes Link Although osteoporosis is the primary cause of bone fractures, diabetes has also been implicated in raising the risk of bone fractures in middle-elderly aged people. Researchers have shown that the hormone osteocalcin is a (bone gamma-carboxy glutamic acid-containing protein), found in bone which regulates insulin secretion by the pancreas. Researchers have found a significant increase of bone fractures in women younger than age 75 who are living with type 1 or type 2 diabetes for a long duration. However although the bone density level is increased in people with type 2 diabetes, fractures are also increased. Osteoporosis Management in People with Diabetes : Healthy Diet rich in vitamin C and D: Include calcium, potassium and magnesium-rich foods (broccoli, pineapple, guava, whole grains, oats) and leafy vegetables (spinach, kale, lettuce) in your diet. Calcium is contained in various foods, especially in dairy products. Calcium supplements can also be consumed with a physician’s recommendation. Find out time for exercise: Exercise is good for the heart, joints, to maintain blood pressure and energy levels. Regular exercises like walking, jogging help prevent bone loss, flexibility and strengthen the muscles. It helps in maintaining the blood glucose levels in the diabetic patients. No to Smoking: Avoiding tobacco use and limiting alcohol intake help manage diabetes and also keep the bones healthy.