Endovascular Aneurism Repair - Peripheral arterial disease
Endovascular aneurysm repair is a form of endovascular surgery which is commonly used to treat abdominal aortic aneurysm. It is the condition in which there is enlargement in the lower part of the aorta which causes life threatening bleeding. Aorta is a major blood vessel which supplies blood to the body. This condition is common in older men and smokers. When this condition is in growing stage, there might not be any symptoms. As it grows, there is a pulsating feeling near the navel. If the rupture is to happen, then there will be pain in the back or stomach.
It is a minimally invasive procedure which is done with the help of a stent graft which is inserted through small incisions. There is no requirement of a surgical procedure. This is the main reason why it is preferred these days. It is safer than a traditional surgery along with shorter stay in hospital and faster recovery.
But not everyone is a candidate for this surgery. It is difficult to treat aneurysms arising close or above the kidneys using this procedure. Abdominal ultrasound will be given to you to check the candidacy.
The preparation of this surgery is similar to open surgery. You are administered anesthesia before beginning this procedure. In this procedure, a synthetic graft is inserted through the groin which is attached to the end of a thin tube and threaded up to the aorta. This graft is covered by a metal mesh support and placed at the site of the aneurysm. The metal mesh fastens the graft in place with the help of small hooks and pins. The use of this graft is to reinforce the weakened section of the aorta to prevent rupture of the aneurysm.
1. What are the risks involved? – Deep vein thrombosis is the most common risk for which you may require extra treatment prolonging your stay in the hospital. General complication which occurs includes infection in the wound, chest infections and diarrhea. Up to 1 in 10 men may have difficulty in sustaining an erection.
2. What is the recovery process? – You are able to eat and drink properly after you are awake from the procedure. Normal recovery takes around two weeks however some people may require several months. You can return to work after a month.