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Laparoscopic cholecystectomy, also referred to as minimally invasive cholecystectomy, is a surgical procedure that aims at removing the gallbladder. As the name suggests, it is a minimally invasive procedure performed by making 3 to 4 tiny incisions. The technique uses high definition imaging guidance, and is carried out under the influence of anaesthesia. 

Indications 
Major indications of cholecystectomy are as under:

  • Cholelithiasis, which is a condition marked by the presence of gallstones in the gallbladder
  • Choledocholithiasis, which is marked by the presence of gallstones in the bile duct. 
  • Cholecystitis, which is marked by inflammation in the gallbladder
  • Polyps in the gallbladder
  • Pancreatitis, which is marked by inflammation in the pancreas. 

Procedure 

  • Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is performed under the influence of anaesthesia. 
  • It is carried out by making 4 small incisions in the abdomen. 
  • A tiny tube, fitted with a camera on one of its ends, is inserted via one of the incisions. This helps to generate enlarged images of the concerned area. 
  • Imaging guidance is uses to guide the surgical equipment and remove the gallbladder. 
  • Imaging tests like ultrasound may be recommended if there is any serious problems related to gallstones or bile duct
  • The procedure takes about an hour or two

Benefits 
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy has the following benefits: 

  • Minimal pain
  • Alleviated risks of complications
  • Fast recovery 
  • Less scarring 
  • Shorter hospital stay
     

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