Laparoscopic rectopexy is a surgical intervention that aims at repairing rectal prolapse, a condition marked by the slipping off of the rectum from its normal position. Minor rectal prolapse can be easily managed at home with the help of simple medication and exercise, however, sooner or later the patient to going to need a surgical repair. The problem is more common in elderlies, especially those with a history of chronic constipation.
The prolapse can be of three different types:
- The rectum protrudes out of the anus
- A small portion of the rectal lining protrudes out
- There is no protrusion, but the rectum slips from its position.
- Laparoscopic rectopexy is performed to restore the normal position of the rectum. A mesh may be used alongside to prevent the recurrence of prolapse.
- The surgical intervention is carried out via tiny keyhole incisions and is performed under the influence of anaesthesia.
- A laparoscope, fitted with the camera on one of its ends, is introduced via one of the incisions to offer detailed imaging guidance.
- Special surgical equipment are introduced via other incisions.
- The sigmoid colon and rectum are located and carefully lifted to the original position. These are then secured with the help of stitches.