Prostatic disease is an umbrella term used for various diseases and ailments concerning the prostate gland, a small walnut-sized gland that is responsible for producing seminal fluids in males. The symptoms of prostatic diseases are usually the same, however, the causes are different. The latter is determined by carrying out a detailed evaluation and assessment.
Common prostatic diseases
Three of the most common types of prosthetic diseases include:
- Benign prostatic hyperplasia Or BPH - The condition is very common, affecting nearly 50 per cent of men above 50 years of age and almost 75 per cent of men above 60. BPH is a non-cancerous condition, marked by the enlargement of the prostate gland, and is usually associated with uncomfortable urinary symptoms. The patient may experience urinary blockage and other problems related to the bladder, kidney or urinary tract. The risks of BPH are higher in elderly men, especially those who have a family history of the condition or have other health issues like diabetes or heart disease. BPH is usually treated by medication and therapies. Surgery is usually the last resort of treatment and recommended in serious cases of BPH.
- Prostatitis - The condition is marked by swelling and inflammation in the prostate gland, which is often accompanied by painful urination. Prostatitis can affect males of all age groups but it is most commonly found in men who are below 50 years of age. Prostatitis can be triggered by a variety of reasons and, in some cases, the underlying cause might not be known. Prostatitis caused by bacterial infection can be easily treated using antibiotics. While some patients may experience a problem for a few days, others can experience them for months. Men who have a history of prostatitis can develop the condition again and again. Other risk factors include bladder or urethral infection, severe pelvic trauma, underlying disease like AIDS, use of a urinary catheter, or undergoing a prostate biopsy. The treatment usually depends upon the underlying cause and may include antibiotics, Alpha-blockers and anti-inflammatory agents.
- Prostate cancer - The condition is very common and happens to be one of the most leading causes of death in men. It is marked by the uncontrollable growth and multiplication of the cells present in the prostate gland. This is usually a result of undesirable DNA mutations. Prostate cancer is usually detected before metastasis, i.e. when it is still localised, in most cases. Early detection and timely intervention can help to treat the patient effectively. The risks of prostate cancer are higher in men above 50 years of age and doctors usually recommend regular annual screening for the same. Prostate cancer is usually detected with the help of a biopsy. The patient may be recommended to go for radical prostatectomy, brachytherapy, chemotherapy, and cryoablation of the prostate gland.
Why Eternal Hospital?
At Eternal Hospital, we have a highly qualified and dedicated team of experts who are always committed to providing the latest and most advanced medical care to all our patients. Being a trusted name in healthcare, we act compassionately while ensuring confidentiality to those who need it. We have set high standards in patient-centric premium care along with outstanding patient safety and exceptional maintenance in a timely manner. We adhere to the use of up to the minute innovations to offer state-of-the-art treatments to our patients with unparalleled results.