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A Guide To Understanding Gout: Symptoms, Prevention And All You Need To Know


Have you been experiencing unbearable pain in the toes of your feet that you have been ignoring for long? Chances are that you might be suffering from gout. Marked by sudden onsets of severe pain accompanied by swelling and tenderness, especially at the base of your toe, gout is one of the most common types of arthritis. The pain associated with gout is not persistent and the attacks occur suddenly, most often when you are walking or even the middle of the night. The flares come and go, however, proper treatment can help to manage most of the symptoms and avoid the intolerable pain.

Gout is an umbrella term used for a variety of conditions triggered by the accumulation of uric acid that mostly affects the patient’s feet. The excessive uric acid leads to the formation of urate crystals. Uric acid is produced by the breakdown of purines which are naturally present in the body as well as found in certain foods like red meat and seafood.

The treatment for gout is offered at Eternal Hospital which is the best orthopaedics hospital in Jaipur.

Symptoms associated with gout:

Various symptoms associated with gout, as listed by the best rheumatologist in India are as under:

  • Severe joint pain- As mentioned earlier, gout usually affects the toes, however, the pain and inflammation can be experienced in other parts of the body as well. These include the ankles, knees, elbows, wrists and fingers. The pain is severe at first but gradually fades away.
  • Lingering discomfort following the pain- Even after the initial pain subsides, the patient is likely to experience joint discomfort for a few days.
  • Chronic inflammation and tenderness- The sudden bouts of pain are accompanied by swelling, tenderness and redness.
  • Curtailed range of motion- If left untreated for long, the problem can progress making it difficult to move your joints.

Who are at a risk?

As per the doctors hailing from the best hospital in Jaipur, gout can affect both males as well as females, however, males have been found to be more prone to it. In fact, men are likely to develop the problem earlier in life as compared to women, who usually develop it after menopause.

Gout is triggered by elevated levels of uric acid in the body which may be a result of any of the following:

  • Consumption of foods rich in purine
  • Increased alcohol intake
  • Underlying medical conditions like hypertension diabetes and metabolic syndrome
  • Chronic renal or heart disease
  • Medication taken for some other medical condition
  • Family history of the disease

Complications triggered by gout:

If necessary measures are not taken, the problem can progress giving rise to the following symptoms:

  • Recurrent gout- While some people might not experience the symptoms after the first attack, these might be recurrent in some case. Although medication can help you with the same, if left untreated, it can have a drastic impact on your joint health.
  • Advanced gout- The urate crystals which result from the increased uric acid levels can develop in various parts of the body over time. These tend to become tender and swollen during a gout attack leading to immense pain.
  • Kidney stones- The urate crystals can get accumulated in the urinary tract, often resulting in kidney stones.

Prevention:

These healthy dietary modifications can help to manage gout effectively:

  • Drink plenty of fluids and keep yourself well-hydrated
  • Limit your alcohol intake
  • Take healthy sources of protein like low-fat dairy products
  • Cut down on the intake of red meat, fish and poultry
  • Maintain a healthy BMI

Tags: Orthopaedics Hospital, Rheumatologist in India, Hospital in Jaipur, Eternal Hospital