Is heart valve repair surgery a risky procedure?
Heartbeats nonstop without any fatigue in order to provide blood to the entire body. It is the most essential part of the body and any malfunction or deformity in that part could lead to life-threatening conditions. Therefore, it is necessary to take absolute care of your heart. The heart consists of four chambers and four valves that control the unidirectional flow of the blood so that the blood does not flow back as it might be dangerous for life. Whenever there is any issue with any of the valves, it means it requires immediate medical care. The valves in the heart can be classified as
-The tricuspid valve is present between the right atrium and left ventricle of the heart.
-The Mitral valve is basically present between the left atrium and left ventricle.
-The aortic valve is present in the left ventricle and the aorta(largest blood vessel)
-Further, the Pulmonary valve is located between the right ventricle and the pulmonary artery.
When the valves get damaged or diseased it is unable to perform its function as a result the blood flow gets affected. And in order to resume its function, heart valve replacement surgery is essential.
Why do I need valve replacement surgery?
There are several conditions that require valve replacement surgery in order to correct the defect or deformity that causes various symptoms. If you are facing the following symptoms then you may have a heart condition that could require heart valve replacement surgery. Some of those symptoms include:
● Excruciating chest pain
● Rapid weight gain
● Fluid retention
● Heart palpitations
● Numbness in the arm, jaw, or shoulder
Are there any risks associated with valve repair surgery?
Every surgery has a few risk factors associated with it; most of those risk factors can be controlled and do not cause any life-threatening risk. Some of the possible risk factors for heart valve repair surgery might include:
● Breathing problems
● Excessive blood loss
● Blood clot
● Risk of heart attack or heart failure
● Bleeding during or after the surgery
● Lung problems
● Problem in blood flow
● Failed surgery
● Heart muscle weakness
● Heart arrhythmia
Firstly, the anaesthesiologist provides anesthesia so that the person is asleep during the procedure. Then the patient is connected to the heart-lung bypass machine so that the blood flows normally during the entire procedure. Earlier, heart valve surgery was done using traditional methods known as open heart surgery that involved long cuts in the chest area. But today with the advancement of technology, Minimally invasive techniques are used in order to perform the surgery. Small incisions are made, through which the doctor can visualize the internal condition on a big monitor screen. Also, the tools can be used for surgery through those incisions. In many cases, the surgeon also uses the assistance of a robot which is known as robot-assisted heart surgery that helps in performing surgery more efficiently. Minimally invasive techniques have revolutionized the medical field as it provides shorter hospital stay, uses fewer scars, fewer incisions, smaller incisions, minimizes the risk of excessive blood loss, and increases the efficiency of the surgical procedure.
During the heart valve repair surgery the heart doctor in Jaipur tries to patch the hole in the valve. And then reconnect the valve flaps removing the excess tissue and try to close it properly. Then the chords are replaced that support the valve and the part where the valve flaps are fused are separated. Then the holes made are sealed after the completion of the surgery.
Eternal Hospital is one of the best hospitals that provides the best heart treatment in Jaipur. Our cardiac department includes a specialized team of cardiologists who have years of experience in treating critical cardiac cases such as heart valve repair surgery in Jaipur. If you are suffering from any kind of Cardiac disease or disorder then contact Eternal hospital for expert assistance, treatment, and care.