Things to know about spine stenosis: symptoms, causes and treatment
Spinal cord disorders are basically conditions that cause deterioration or damage to the spinal cord. There various spinal cord disorders, some of them may include abscess, hematoma, spinal stenosis, spinal tumors, degenerative disc disease, vertebral fractures. Spinal stenosis is basically a spine disorder in which the space inside the backbone becomes too small. This puts a lot of pressure on the spinal cord and the nerves that leads to severe back pain. Further, spinal stenosis occurs in the lower back and their neck. According to the best neurologist in Jaipur the symptoms for spinal stenosis may vary from person to person and generally people experience severe neck pain, back pain and weakness in arms and legs.
Also, in case of spinal stenosis there may be narrowing of one or more spaces in the spine. The lesser the space within the spine means there is lesser amount of space available for the spinal cord and the nerves that branches from the spinal cord. As a result, the area becomes tightened that causes pressure on the spinal cords and the nerves causing irritation and compression that leads to severe back pain and sciatica.
The symptoms for spinal cord disorder may vary from person to person, type of condition and severity of disease etc. Initially, people who suffer from spinal stenosis do not show any kind of symptoms but as the condition gets worse over the period of time they may experience several symptoms. Some of the commonly experience symptoms for spinal stenosis may include:
- Loss of sensation
- Excruciating back pain
- Uncontrolled muscle spasms
- Loss of urinary control
- Loss of bladder control
- Change in reflexes
- Neck pain
- Pain or cramps in legs
- Extreme weakness
- Problem in body balance
- Pain in movement
- Difficulty and pain while bending
There can be various causes of spinal cord diseases and disorders based upon the type and location of disease. In many cases the damage occurs outside of the cord due spinal compression, injury or trauma. Spinal stenosis generally develops over a period of time. According to spine surgery in Jaipur it is caused due to osteoarthritis and constant wear & tear that occurs due to natural aging. Whenever there is spine injury or wear & tear that occurs due to a natural aging in such cases the person might not feel any kind of symptoms for a long time. These changes can be only visible on X-rays or other imagine tests if taken due to other reasons. It is seen that spinal stenosis is more common in men and women who are above the age of 50. In several cases in which younger adults are born with a narrow spinal canal may also suffer from the spinal stenosis in later stages of their life. Further, there are other conditions such as scoliosis, injury, spinal degeneration, spinal abnormalities, herniated disc, tumors, congenital spinal stenosis, bone overgrowth, arthritic spurs, accident, trauma that poses risk of developing spinal stenosis.
The treatment usually depends upon the condition and severity of the disease.
The best doctors in Jaipur first analyze the condition of the patient, diagnose it thoroughly and then choose the appropriate course of treatment. Firstly, the doctor tries to provide medications for pain relief. But if the pain still persists then the doctor may recommend physical therapy, and surgery.
Physical therapy helps in regaining physical strength, improves flexibility, spine stability, improves body balance. It also helps people to walk in a certain way that opens the spinal canal and releases the pressure.
Injecting steroid injections near the spaces in spine that helps the patient whose bones get rubbed causing infammation, pain and irritation.
Spinal surgery is usually recommended when all other methods of treatment fail to work. Surgery is required in some cases only, especially when the symptoms become unbearable and affects the daily life activities such as loss of bowel control, difficulty in walking or movement.