What is the importance of a hip joint and who requires hip replacement surgery?
The hip joint is basically a ball-and-socket type of synovial joint that helps in connecting the pelvic girdle to the lower leg or limb. This joint helps in movement, as the head of the femur rotates with the acetabulum of the pelvic or the hip bone. This type of joint is a multi-axial joint which means it permits a wide range of motion that includes external rotation, internal rotation, adduction, flexion, extension, sideward movement, etc. It is a strong joint as it is designed in order to provide stability and bearing. It is one of the strongest and the most stable joints in the human body as it takes the entire weight of the upper body while standing. There are several related conditions that cause a lot of wear and tear of the hip joint for which one may require hip replacement surgery. Hip replacement surgery is also widely known as hip arthroscopy which is usually done with minimally invasive techniques in order to provide the surgery with precision and accuracy.
Why is there a need for hip replacement surgery?
There are various reasons for the deterioration of the hip joint that requires hip replacement surgery for pain relief and resuming the function of the hip joint. Some of the conditions may include:
● Rheumatoid arthritis: Rheumatoid arthritis is basically an autoimmune disease that affects the Synovial membrane. Thus, the inflammation and thickening of the synovial membrane further damage the cartilage and as a result, it causes pain and stiffness in the hip joint. It is one of the most common causes of hip replacement surgery as it causes inflammation, extreme pain, and a lot of wear and tears in the hip joint.
● Injury: Whenever there is an injury due to an accident or trauma in the hip joint in such cases also one may require hip replacement surgery.
● Osteonecrosis: There are conditions that cause dislocation and fracture of the hip joint that obstruct the blood supply to the femoral head this condition is known as osteonecrosis. The hip joint lacks a blood supply to the bone and there is a high risk of it collapsing therefore one requires hip replacement surgery.
● Hip disease: Infants and some children have hip-related problems as the hip joint does not grow normally. Such conditions should be treated during childhood as they might cause Arthritis later on in life.
● Osteoarthritis: Osteoarthritis is basically a bone-related issue that grows with age as a lot of wear and tear takes place. The cartilage that protects the bone and provides cushioning gets tears away due to constant rubbing of the bones that causes stiffness and pain in the joint which ultimately requires hip replacement surgery.
What to do after the surgery?
There are a few preventive measures recommended by the orthopedic hospital in Jaipur that help in the recovery process and maintaining the surgery. Some of the measures that one should take after hip replacement surgery include:
● Minimize your stair climbing
● Do not lift any heavy objects
● Try to use an elevated seat
● Try to sit firmly and maintain a straight posture
● Do not bend too much as it can create unnecessary pressure in the hip joint.
Eternal Hospital is one of the best hospitals in Jaipur that is also famous for its orthopedic department. Our orthopedic department is fully equipped with the latest diagnostic facilities that help in providing faster treatment. We also specialize in joint replacement surgeries and if you are looking for hip replacement surgery in Jaipur then contact Eternal Hospital for expert assistance and care.