How does Transcatheter Aortic Valve replacement help in treating Heart conditions?
Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement (TAVR) is basically a modern minimally invasive heart procedure that is used to replace a thick aortic valve that is unable to open properly. TAVR procedure is widely used in case of aortic valve stenosis where the valve does not open properly and the blood flow is obstructed or reduced. Aortic valves exist between the lower left heart chamber or left ventricle and the main artery of the heart which is known as the aorta. This modern procedure helps millions of individuals across the globe. Individuals who suffer from cardiac diseases such as aortic valve stenosis are unable to restore the normal blood flow and get rid of the symptoms of this condition. TAVR is one of the best options for individuals who are at a greater risk from open heart surgery due to their age or medical condition. In Tavi Surgery hospital in Jaipur when a patient is diagnosed with a heart condition like aortic stenosis then the team of cardiologist and specialist discuss and determine the best course of treatment for that person. Further the transcatheter valve replacement is also widely known as transcatheter aortic valve implantation or TAVI.
Why do you need it?
Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement (TAVR) is majorly required for aortic valve stenosis as mentioned earlier. In this condition aortic valves become thick or calcified that results in abnormal blood flow. The valve generally in such conditions does not open wide which causes reduction in the blood flow and puts a lot of pressure on the heart.
(TAVR) is a wonderful option for old people who have a lot of medical problems and are not fit for open heart surgery. This procedure does not have any risk of excessive blood loss and there is no need for making large incisions as in case of open heart surgery therefore, it is a widely accepted treatment. TAVI also offers a shorter Hospital stay, less pain, less cars and faster recovery as compared to the open heart aortic placement surgery. The best Cardiologist in Jaipur may also recommend this procedure if an individual
- Biological valve that isn't working properly as it should.
- If the individual is suffering from lung disease which makes open heart surgery risky
- If a person has other chronic diseases along with Kidney Disease that put the life of an at risk in performing such a major surgery. In cases of severe aortic stenosis this procedure is highly recommended.
One may be extremely skeptical about this type of surgical procedure. Every surgery has some kind of this factor involved. Similarly, the surgery also has few potential risks, most of them can be manageable. Some of the risk factor in case of TAVI may be
- Heart arrhythmias
- Need for a pacemaker
- Kidney disease
- Complications in blood vessels
- Heart attack
- Organ failure
- Issue or complication with replaced valve
- Leaking of valve
Before beginning the procedure the cardiac specialist analyzes the medical condition of the person which includes blood pressure and blood sugar level etc. The doctor also provides medications in order to prevent blood clot and risk of infection.
Then the expert Anesthesiologist provides anesthesia according to the requirement of the patient.
During the Tavi treatment in Jaipur a cow or a pig's heart tissue is used as a biological tissue valve that is to be replaced with the damaged aortic valve.
In some cases the doctor also places the biological tissue valve in the existing biological valve which is non functional.
Unlike open heart surgery does not require long incision therefore it is done by using smaller incisions.
Smaller incision is made and a flexible thin catheter or tube is inserted that reaches the heart. This is usually inserted from the chest area or the groin area through the help of echocardiogram pictures and it is placed in the correct position.
Then the replacement valve or the biological valve is placed into the required aortic valve and an inflated balloon which is attached to the catheter as it inflates the new valve into place. After the replacement of the valve the catheter is carefully removed .