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What is Bell's palsy, its symptoms, risk factors, diagnosis, and treatment

09/22/2022

Bell's palsy is a neurological condition that causes weakness in the muscles on one side of the face. Generally, in many cases the weakness or dropping of the face is temporary and it is improved over a period of time. Further, the person is not able to smile properly as the smiles are one-sided and half of the face muscles do not respond. Bell's palsy is also widely known as acute peripheral facial palsy and it can affect individuals of any age. To date, the experts are unable to find the exact cause of this neurological condition but according to various pieces of research, scientists have come to a conclusion that swelling and inflammation of the nerve are responsible for controlling movements of muscles of the face might be responsible for this condition also it could be caused as a reaction to a viral infection as well. The symptoms of this condition are quite visible and after noticing it one should seek immediate medical help in order to get relief as early as possible.
 
Symptoms for Bell's palsy
The symptoms of Bell's palsy are quite visible and one can easily notice it. There are cases in which the symptoms appear suddenly without any warning signs; some of the symptoms might include:
●     Headache
●     Drooling
●     Loss of taste
●     Facial drooping
●     Difficulty in smiling
●     Rapid onset of weakness
●     Partial paralysis on one side
●     Difficulty in making facial expressions
●     Pain in the jaw
●     Increased sensitivity towards sound
●     Inability to wrinkle brow
●     Inability to close eyes
●     Asymmetrical smile
●     Loss of nasolabial fold
●     Ear infection
●     Eye infection
●     Cold
●     Irritation in the eye
●     Difficulty in pronouncing certain words
●     Difficulty in eating and drinking
 
Risk factors of Bell's palsy
There are certain factors that might increase the risk of having Bell's palsy including:
●     Diabetes
●     Lung infection
●     Genetic condition
●     Hypertension
●     Obesity
●     Pregnancy
●     Autoimmune disease
●     Mononucleosis or Epstein- Barr virus
●     Shingles
●     Cold sores or herpes simplex virus
 
Diagnosis:
Bell's palsy can be diagnosed at the initial level based on the symptoms such as facial drooping, facial paralysis, etc Further,  the experts from the best hospital in Jaipur suggest blood tests in order to check the patient for Lyme disease or sarcoidosis.
Electromyography (EMG) is required in order to measure neural activity and damage. Further,  the test helps to analyze the recovery period.
Magnetic resonance imaging and computer topography are the two common tests that are used to see the neural condition and see if there are any chances of nerve damage or stroke.
 
Treatment:
People who suffer from Bell's palsy can improve their condition dramatically with the help of proper treatment, healthcare, and therapy. One can improve the symptoms and begin a faster recovery with the help of the following treatment and methods such as:
●     Antiviral medications that help in speeding the recovery
●     Eye drops give relief from dry and irritated eyes and improve their muscular condition.
●     Oral corticosteroid also helps in improving the swelling and regaining facial movements in an effective way. If Medication and treatment are provided within 48 hours of the notice of symptoms then it helps in faster recovery.
●     Functional facial surgery is required in conditions where the person does not recover and surgery is required in order to correct the facial asymmetry.
●     Further, decompression surgery is required in order to relieve the pressure from the nerves that might cause facial nerve damage or hearing loss.
 
Eternal Hospital is one of the best hospitals in Jaipur and is also famous as the best Neurology hospital in Jaipur. The Hospital is backed up with advanced equipment and has all the necessary amenities required. We have the best team of Neurosurgery doctors in Jaipur who are specialized in treating critical neurology-related cases. If you have any queries regarding neurological disease then contact Eternal Hospital, Jaipur for expert assistance and care.