nav Doctor nav Book Appt. nav Call Now


Neurosurgery and stroke management have made remarkable advances in recent years, transforming both interventional techniques and rehabilitation strategies. These breakthroughs have dramatically improved patient outcomes, providing hope and improving the quality of life for people suffering from neurological diseases. In this blog, we will look at the most recent developments in neurosurgical interventions and stroke rehabilitation approaches, emphasizing their impact on patient care and recovery.

Interventional Procedures In Neurosurgery:

Interventional neurosurgery is a collection of minimally invasive methods used to diagnose and treat a variety of neurological conditions, including strokes. Some of the well-known procedures are:

Endovascular Thrombectomy 

Endovascular thrombectomy has completely changed the treatment of acute ischemic strokes caused by major vessel occlusions. This surgery removes blood clots from clogged arteries with catheters and specialized devices, restoring blood flow to the brain and minimizing harm. Endovascular thrombectomy is a technique that inserts a catheter (a long, thin tube) into an artery in the wrist or groin. The catheter is subsequently guided up via the blood vessels to the location of the blocked artery in the brain. Once the catheter is in place, a small device known as a stent retriever is used to trap and remove the blood clot, restoring blood flow to the affected region of the brain.


  • A team of specialized doctors and nurses performs endovascular thrombectomy in a hospital setting. Before the treatment, the patient will be subjected to a battery of tests to confirm the diagnosis of an acute ischemic stroke and pinpoint the site of the blood clot.
  • During the procedure, the patient will get a local anesthetic to numb the area where the catheter is implanted. The catheter is then directed via the blood vessels to the blocked artery in the brain using X-ray imaging.
  • Once the catheter is inserted, a stent retriever is utilized to collect and remove the blood clot. A stent retriever is a tiny device that is put through the catheter and expands to remove the clot. The device is subsequently removed, along with the clot, using the catheter.
  • The entire treatment usually takes between one and two hours, depending on the location and size of the blood clot.

Stereotactic Radiosurgery

  • Stereotactic radiosurgery uses precisely targeted radiation beams to treat brain cancers, arteriovenous malformations (AVMs), and other neurological diseases with exceptional accuracy. This non-invasive method reduces the dangers associated with standard surgery while efficiently controlling or eradicating aberrant tissue growth.
  • Stereotactic radiosurgery is a highly precise type of therapeutic radiation that can be used to treat a variety of brain and spine disorders, including cancer, epilepsy, trigeminal neuralgia, and arteriovenous malformations.
  • Stereotactic radiosurgery does not require an incision or opening; instead, X-ray beams are carefully aimed at aberrant tissues through the skin from numerous directions.
  • Radiosurgery operates in the same way as other methods of therapeutic radiology: X-ray beams distort or destroy the DNA of cells in aberrant locations, rendering them unable to reproduce and expand. With the proper treatment, the aberrant tissue becomes dormant and progressively diminishes.
  • The technique's surgical accuracy makes it especially beneficial for treating minor or difficult-to-reach disorders in the brain and spine. The precise focus of radiation in radiosurgery techniques causes less damage to healthy surrounding tissues and reduces the chance of infection, making it safer for patients who have recently had surgery.
  • You may return to your routine activities following treatment. Throughout your follow-up, your neurology and neurosurgery teams will continue to monitor you with CT and MRI scans. Therapy usually only takes one treatment. Some lesions may require more than one therapy session, most likely five. 

Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS)

DBS is a treatment method that includes implanting electrodes into specific parts of the brain to control aberrant neural activity. Deep brain stimulation (DBS) involves inserting electrodes into specific parts of the brain. The electrodes generate electrical impulses that influence brain function to cure certain medical disorders. Electrical impulses can also influence cells and molecules in the brain, resulting in medical disorders.A pacemaker-like device implanted beneath the skin in the upper chest regulates the amount of stimulation during deep brain stimulation.

This gadget is connected to the electrodes in the brain via an under-the-skin connection. Deep-brain stimulation is a well-established treatment for people with movement disorders. These conditions include essential tremor, Parkinson's disease, and dystonia. It is also used to treat psychological problems, including obsessive-compulsive disorder.It is approved treatment for difficult-to-treat epilepsy. Deep brain stimulation is utilized for those whose symptoms are not controlled by medication.

Rehabilitation Strategies For Stroke Patients:

Stroke rehabilitation is critical for helping patients restore lost functions, improve mobility, and improve their general well-being. Innovative rehabilitation solutions emphasize individualized, multidisciplinary approaches that are adapted to each person's specific needs. A few notable approaches are: 

Constraint-Induced Movement Therapy (CIMT)

CIMT involves restraining the unaffected limb while encouraging intensive practice and use of the affected limb. This approach helps overcome learned non-use and promotes neuroplasticity, facilitating motor recovery and functional independence in stroke survivors. It is intended to improve the functional use of an afflicted extremity in people affected by stroke or other neurological diseases. It employs mass-practice principles while constraining the neurologically stronger limb. It has also been defined as a behavioral approach to neurorehabilitation that employs simple behavioral approaches, with shaping being a common motif.

CIMT has been described as incorporating the essential elements of rehabilitation following a neurological injury, which are:

  • Repetition in a task-oriented approach.
  • Constrain patients to encourage them to use the damaged limb or function.
  • The use of a "package of behavioral methods" to transfer abilities learned in clinical settings to a real-world situation.

While it was initially developed for the stroke population, it is currently used in patients with traumatic brain injury, cerebral palsy, phantom limb pain, multiple sclerosis, and focal hand dystonia in musicians.

Robotic Rehabilitation

The robotic-assisted treatment uses cutting-edge robotic devices to offer repetitive, task-specific workouts that are suited to patients' skills. These devices provide precise control over movement parameters, allowing for targeted therapy of the upper and lower extremities, improved motor learning, and functional recovery.Robotic therapy offers hope to stroke patients who have lost movement.

These robots serve as tireless assistants, providing intensive, repetitive training for limbs and gait, thereby improving recovery speed and motivation. End-effector robots assist limbs during exercises, while exoskeletons provide supported movement. While still under development, research demonstrates that they are successful, with benefits such as enhanced therapy intensity, interesting activities, and objective data for progress tracking. While cost, availability, and safety are important considerations, speak with your doctor about robotic therapy to determine whether it can help you regain your freedom.

Virtual Reality (VR) Rehabilitation

VR-based rehabilitation platforms provide immersive surroundings and interactive exercises that interest and inspire stroke patients throughout therapy sessions. VR technology aids in motor relearning, balancing training, and cognitive rehabilitation by giving real-time feedback and adaptive challenges, thereby improving functional outcomes and fostering neuroplastic changes. 


The incorporation of interventional treatments into neurosurgery, as well as creative rehabilitation strategies for stroke patients, are significant advances in modern medicine. These improvements not only improve treatment outcomes but also provide hope and potential for recovery for people suffering from neurological illnesses. 

Related Blogs