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When it comes to any problem related to your urinary tract, the role of a urologist comes into play. A urologist is a doctor who holds specialisation in diagnosing, assessing, treating and managing complex problems affecting the urinary system of males and females, both adults and kids. In this blog, we have enlisted some of the most common urological problems that you should consider consulting a urologist for. We have also elaborated on some common approaches that are used by them to treat these problems. 

Urinary Tract Infection - Nearly 10 out of every 25 women and 3 out of every 25 men are likely to experience the signs and symptoms of urinary tract infections in their lifetime. The problem is very common and not so serious in the majority of cases, however, sometimes it can spread to the kidneys leading to life-threatening complications. The problem which affects around 150 million people across the globe every year, is caused by bacterial infection. Fortunately, it can be easily managed with the right care. Doctors generally recommended antibiotics along with simple lifestyle changes, that include drinking enough water, avoiding irritants, refraining from using public restrooms and urinating frequently. 

Kidney Stones - This is another common urological problem, the incidence of which has been on a gradual rise. Also known as renal calculi, kidney stones are solid masses that develop as a result of the accumulation of unwanted minerals and salts within the kidneys. These can be of four different types depending on what they are made up of - calcium oxalate, uric acid, struvite and cystine. As per the best urologist in Jaipur, 1 in every 10 people are likely to develop the problem in their lifetime. Smaller kidney stones do not need any extensive medical intervention and most of the time pass out along with urine, without you even noticing it. Larger stones may, however, be a little challenging to deal with. In such cases, doctors may recommend interventions like shockwave lithotripsy, ureteroscopy and percutaneous nephrolithomy. 

Prostate Problems - The prostate is a tiny male reproductive organ shaped somewhat like a walnut, that is primarily involved in the production of seminal fluids. Prostatitis, benign prostatic hyperplasia and prostate cancer are three of the most common conditions that affect the prostate. Prostatitis, which is marked by the inflammation of the prostate due to infection, is usually seen in men below 50, whereas benign prostatic hyperplasia, which is characterized by the enlargement of the prostate, is generally seen in men above 50 years of age. The best urologist in Jaipur also suggests that prostate cancer is also commonly seen in elder men. Prostatitis is treated with the help of medication like nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and antibiotics and BPH can be managed with urinary retention medication and even surgery in extreme cases. Prostate cancer calls for the need for a more extensive approach. This includes surgery to remove the prostate along with therapeutic interventions like chemotherapy, radiation therapy and hormone therapy. 

Urinary Incontinence - A condition marked by the loss of bladder control that leads to the involuntary leakage of urine especially during sneezing, laughing and coughing, urinary incontinence can be triggered by a variety of different conditions including severe infection, diabetes or underlying neurological ailments. Urinary incontinence has also been linked to serious urological problems like prostate cancer and benign prostatic hyperplasia. Hence it is advisable to see a urologist if you have been experiencing the problem lately. 

Urological problems can be easily managed with timely diagnosis and personalized care. You can consult the best urologist in Jaipur for all the guidance you need.

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