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What You Need to Know About Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation or TAVI

Cardiovascular diseases cause the most deaths every year in India. But most heart-related problems are often avoidable. You just need to manage your risk factors associated with heart problems, including eating tobacco, drinking, unhealthy diet, sedentary lifestyle, hypertension, or a higher cholesterol level. While heart diseases do not always lead to a cardiac arrest, they may hamper your heart's health over time by blocking arteries or veins, ultimately hindering blood flow from the heart to the body. One such condition is Aortic Valve Stenosis, in which the Aortic Valve thickens and can’t open fully, thus limiting the blood flow in the body. In such cases, only a Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement Surgery (TAVR or TAVI) is recommended to prevent further complications.

What is TAVR?

People with blocked Aortic valves are suggested to do a TAVR, a minimally invasive approach to treat a diseased Aortic valve. But before surgery, cardiologists in Jaipur have to perform several health tests to determine what type of anaesthesia can be most helpful for the patient. It’s because TAVI is different from open-heart surgery. After all, unlike the latter, the former allows the patient's heart to beat. It allows patients to get back on their feet faster because it is a less invasive procedure. In addition, TAVI is also a viable option for patients who are too weak to undergo open-heart surgery.

Arctic Valve Stenosis Symptoms

Arctic valve stenosis can be deadly if not treated by time. Best Heart Surgeons in Rajasthan say that this problem limits the blood flow in the body, causing chest pain, fainting, fatigue, leg swallowing, and shortness of breath. This disease can also lead to heart failure and sudden cardiac death.

How can patients prepare for a Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement?

TAVI heart valve replacement surgery in India is done very carefully in patients who cannot undergo open-heart surgery due to severe health conditions. So, there is a requirement to prepare the body before heart surgery. Talk to your cardiologist about the procedure and the precautions that you need to take. We are listing some of the things that you need to make sure of before the procedure.

  • Never ignore your regular medication before and after the procedure. Your doctor will suggest the medicines and the suitable time for taking them.
  • Immediately before and after the procedure, you should be aware of your eating habits. Your doctor can also suggest the same.
  • Talk to your doctor about your drug allergies so that they make sure of it during the procedure.

Health risks after Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement

While Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement is a suitable option for many, it can welcome health risks to some. These health risks include bleeding, blood vessel complications, stroke, kidney disease, heart attack, infection, and even death. So, before you allow your doctor to do a TAVI surgery on yourself, make sure if your body can tolerate medications that thin the blood, have an active infection in your heart, or be allergic to some material.

How to take care of your heart's health after surgery?

While there are heart risks related to TAVI, the benefits outweigh the risks. But if you want to sustain your heart's health after surgery, follow these four steps:

Eat healthy diet

A healthy diet means a balanced diet consisting of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, legumes, and nuts. In addition, eating meat and fish enriches your body with proteins. Also, avoid eating canned juices and foods with processed fats. Finally, limit the supply of sugar in your body and instead drink a lot of water or detox teas.

Do moderate physical activity daily

An active body stays away from health problems, including cholesterol or heavyweight. It also contributes to improving blood pressure and blood sugar levels. Regular physical activity does not mean running for hours or sweating yourself, leading to fatigue; instead, it means having an active schedule with less than 8 hours of sitting time, a minimum of 2.5 physical hours per week, and meditation and walking routine as well. You can even engage yourself in household chores or some dancing.

Avoid tobacco drugs or alcohol

Tobacco, drugs, and alcohol are linked to more than 200 heart diseases. So, quitting tobacco is the most significant gift you can give to yourself and your heart as it will have long-term health benefits. So, it is better to stay away from all these poisons.

Regular check-ups

After you have your surgery, it is essential to have a routine health checkup. Some people can exhibit symptoms or complications prevailing inside the body, which can be addressed even before becoming dangerous.