Primary reason behind orthopedic and joint disease
Joint diseases or Orthopedic conditions are basically caused due to injuries or diseases that usually affect the musco-skeletal system. Bones, nerves, muscles, joints, ligaments, tendons, connective tissues, all these are parts of the body system that are included in the musculoskeletal system. Any kind of damage permanent or temporary caused as mentioned earlier is a part of the musculoskeletal system that might cause an Orthopedic disease. There are several kinds of orthopedic diseases that have different causes and symptoms some of which might include:
Osteoarthritis is one of the most common joint disorders that occur when the cartilage present between the two joints goes through wear and tear and rubs against each other. This ultimately results in stiffness and swelling which causes severe pain. People who suffer from osteoarthritis usually suffer from severe joint pain, swelling and are unable to do usual tasks such as walking, standing for long, taking stairs etc.
Osteoarthritis is usually caused due to over use of the joints, fracture, joint injuries, obesity, family history of having osteoarthritis, certain medical conditions affecting joints and sports injuries.
Rheumatoid arthritis is also a very common orthopedic disease that causes excruciating pain that could be unbearable in severe conditions. It is basically an autoimmune disease that causes inflammation of the joint and surrounding tissues which makes daily routines such as standing, walking, and taking stairs very painful. This condition can occur at any age but it is more common in middle and older people. Further, people who suffer from Rheumatoid Arthritis may require a joint replacement surgery for their condition. People suffering from rheumatoid arthritis often have symptoms such as morning stiffness, pain, swelling in the joints of hands, feet, wrist etc. Also, the exact cause of rheumatoid arthritis is unknown but according to research, genes, infection, hormonal changes, side effects to certain medications might cause rheumatoid arthritis.
Osteoporosis is an orthopedic condition that is more common in older people and especially women. In this condition the bones become extremely weak and fragile and are more vulnerable to fractures. People who suffer from osteoporosis usually develop a stoop posture overtime and lose height as well. Further, low body weight, family history of having the disease, decrease in estrogen levels at the time of menopause, excessive consumption of alcohol smoking and reaction to certain medications are few of the potential causes.
Gout is another orthopedic condition which is very painful and it usually affects one joint. Gout usually affects the toe, foot and ankle. Severe joint pain, sudden swelling especially at night are a few of the symptoms of Gout. According to the orthopedician it may be caused due to high levels of uric acid present in blood, seafood, alcoholic beverages, certain meat and certain medications.
Bursitis is an orthopedic condition that is associated with swelling and irritation of bursa which is basically a fluid sac present between muscles, joints and tendons providing a cushion in between. Swelling, tingling redness of joint, severe pain, tenderness around the joint, stiffness are few of the symptoms of bursitis. Further, trauma, infection, rheumatoid arthritis, overuse of joints, change in hormones are few of the causes.
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