Dementia: Its Types, Symptoms, and Risk Factors
Dementia is basically a neurological disorder in which there is a deterioration of cognitive function and behavior that usually affects older people. Dementia can also be described as a syndrome that is used for a group of symptoms that affects memory, social, behavior, and thinking ability that interferes with the daily aspect of life. People who suffer from dementia are greatly affected due to loss of memory as it creates several conditions that might put a person in danger. Therefore, people who suffer from dementia require 24 hours care and supervision that can be provided by family members or an expert nurse or healthcare professional. There are several reasons or causes of dementia some of which are unknown but expert neurologists can diagnose the reason behind the condition.
What are the symptoms of Dementia?
A person who suffers from dementia experiences various cognitive, psychological, and behavioral changes that usually vary from person to person. The symptom generally includes memory loss but still, there are other symptoms such as:
- Difficulty in communicating
- Inability to count
- Staring at objects
- Deterioration in problem solving and reasoning
- Inability to plan and organize
- Mood swings
- Aggressive behavior
- Rage issues
- Impulsive behavior
What are the different types of Dementia?
Neurodegenerative diseases or disorders result in progressive and irreversible cognitive changes that cause loss of neuron and brain functioning. As mentioned earlier there are various disorders that collectively contribute to the development of dementia.
Alzheimer's disease is one of the most common types of dementia that is diagnosed all across the globe. It is more common in older adults and is generally caused due to deterioration of neurons, and changes in brain functioning caused due to abnormal buildup of proteins.
Lewy body dementia is another form of progressive dementia which is caused due to abnormal deposits of a protein called alpha-synuclein. The common symptoms of this condition include hallucinations, problems in focusing, attention and uncoordinated muscle movement, tremors, rigidity, etc.
Vascular dementia is a condition that is caused due to damage blood vessels that supply blood to the brain; the same condition also leads to stroke. Slow problem solving, slow thinking, loss of memory, loss of focus, and lack of organization anxiety are some of the common signs of vascular dementia.
Frontotemporal dementia is a rare type of dementia that occurs in younger people below the age of 60 years. This condition is characterized by the breakdown of Nerve cells that affect the functioning of the frontal and temporal lobes of the brain. It usually affects the behavior, language, and personality changes in the person. Tremors, lack of judgment, thinking, personality changes, behavior changes, and lack of understanding of language and coordinated movement are common symptoms of frontotemporal dementia.
There are certain risk factors associated with dementia and if one is able to control the following respects they might be able to prevent and control the symptoms.
- Excessive consumption of alcohol
- Excessive smoking( active and passive both)
- Air pollution
- Head injury or trauma
- Lack of exercise
- Unhealthy diet
- High blood cholesterol
- Fat buildup
- Sleep apnea
- Vitamin and mineral deficiency
- Side effects of medications
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