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A Guide To Understanding Congestive Heart Failure


Heart failure is a chronic condition marked by the inability of the heart to carry out its functions properly as a result of which there is an inadequate supply of oxygenated blood to the body. This drastically impacts all the major life functions. If we talk about India alone, there has been a considerable increase in the reported cases of heart failure over the past few decades. Dr. Samin K Sharma suggests that this can be partly credited to the prevalence of unhealthy lifestyle practices and obesity, and partly to the lack of proper knowledge and awareness.

Heart failure is usually categorized into two categories – acute heart failure and chronic heart failure – depending upon the symptoms and how long they last. In the case of acute heart failure, the symptoms do not last long and are mostly a result of some Valvular defects. Chronic heart failure, on the other hand, is quite progressive in nature and the symptoms do not improve over time. Eternal Hospital, with its state of the art facilities and a competent team of doctors, is the best heart hospital in Jaipur that offers the best heart failure treatment..

Heart failure is quite a common condition and can affect anyone, however, early medical intervention can increase your chances of recovery and help to negate most of the complications. This makes it pertinent to educate yourself about the same. In this blog, we have tried to elaborate on the topic to help you understand the disease better.

Symptoms that indicate heart failure:

Some of the major symptoms, that should not be taken for granted, include:

  • Dyspnea (breathlessness)
  • Fatigue (general weakness)
  • Oedema (swelling in the limbs)
  • Arrhythmia (irregular heartbeat)
  • Ascites (abdominal swelling)
  • Lack of appetite
  • Nausea
  • Persistent chest pain and discomfort
  • Fluid retention leading to unhealthy weight gain
  • Blood tinged phlegm

Typesof heart failure:

Heart failure is majorly categorized into 4 different types. These are as under:

Left-sided heart failure: It is the most common type of heart failure marked by the inability of the left ventricle to pump blood efficiently. The blood starts accumulating in the lungs which causes breathlessness and chest discomfort.

Right-sided heart failure: It is marked by the inefficiency of the right ventricle to pump blood to the lungs. In the majority of cases, it is triggered by left-sided heart failure as this puts extra strain on the right ventricle. This leads to fluid build-up in the lower limbs. Other causes of right-sided heart failure include persistent lung diseases and high blood pressure.

Diastolic heart failure: It is marked by the severe stiffness of the heart muscles which may be due to underlying heart disease. As a result of this, the heart is not able to pump blood properly, thereby cutting the blood supply to other parts of the body. The condition is more likely to affect women as compared to men.

Systolic heart failure: It is marked by the inability of the heart muscles to contract properly which in turn impacts its ability to pump blood to the body. This is likely to be experienced by people with a weak or enlarged heart. The condition is more common in men.

Medical conditions that can result in heart failure:

Heart failure is usually the result of a long term or untended medical condition that has progressed to an advanced stage. Some of these include:

  • Coronary heart diseases due to excessive plaque formation in the arteries
  • A medical history of heart attack
  • Damaged or defected valves
  • Cardiomyopathy or damaged heart muscles
  • Myocarditis or inflammation of the heart muscles
  • Congenital heart problems
  • Arrhythmia or abnormal heart rhythms
  • High blood pressure
  • Pre-existing medical conditions like HIV, thyroid, hemochromatosis and amyloidosis

Unhealthy lifestyle practices that can lead to heart failure:

As per the doctors specialising in cardiac surgery in Jaipur, some unhealthy lifestyle practices can also increase your vulnerability to heart failure. These include:

  • Excessive smoking
  • Drinking alcohol and substance abuse
  • Stagnant lifestyle
  • Unhealthy eating habits

Tags: Heart Failure Treatment, Heart Valve Replacement, Cardiac Surgery, Eternal Hospital.