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All You Need to Know About Rheumatoid Arthritis

Movement of the body is provided by joints which is the part of our musculoskeletal system. But there can be impairment due to several conditions and diseases. One of the most common diseases related to joint is Arthritis. It is the inflammation of one or more joints that leads to pain and stiffness. This condition worsens with age. The term arthritis is associated with more than 100 different types of diseases. One of the most common is rheumatoid arthritis. To deal with this condition, you should consult Eternal Hospital which is the best hospital for rheumatology in India.

Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disorder that causes joint pain. But it also has the capability to affect the whole body. In some individuals, there can be damage to a wide variety of body systems like skin, eyes, lungs, heart etc. It is a chronic inflammatory disorder that also causes swelling and stiffness. It is commonly seen in both the sides of the body. In fact pain occurring on both the sides is one of the differentiations between rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis.

This condition occurs when the immune system mistakenly attacks the tissues of your own body. It affects the lining of the joints. The pain will cause bone erosion and lead to bone deformity.

It is identified with the help of the following symptoms –

Swelling of joints along with tenderness and warmness.

Joint stiffness that is worse in the morning.

Inactivity leading to pain and stiffness.

Loss of weight accompanied with fever and fatigue.

If the disease has reached an advanced stage, then there are symptoms seen in wrists, knees, ankles, elbows, hips etc.

The cause of our immune system attacking the synovium is not known. However, there are some factors which increase the risk. Some of them are age, gender, family history, smoking, environmental exposure, obesity etc. It is difficult to diagnose this condition in its early stages. Blood test is done to look for rheumatoid factor and anti-cyclic cirtullinated peptide. Imaging tests are done to track the progression of rheumatoid arthritis in the body.

Best rheumatologists in India say that there is no cure for this condition but the symptoms are eased with the help of medications like NSAIDs, steroids, DMARDs, biologic agents, therapy etc. But when medications are not able to slow down the damage, surgery may be suggested. It is done in end cases when even daily movements are impaired like walking, climbing stairs etc. Some of the common procedures are synovectomy, tendon repair, joint fusion, total joint replacement etc.

Tags: Rheumatology, rheumatoid arthritis, eternal hospital, osteoarthritis, best rheumatologists, total joint replacement