Can A Child Undergo A Brain Tumour Surgery
Brain tumour surgery is an umbrella term used for various invasive procedures that aim at targeting and removing a brain tumour, both malignant as well as benign. The surgery can be quite overwhelming for adults, let alone for kids.Generally, the treatment for any brain tumour is based on the size of the tumour, its location, whether it’s cancerous or not and the type of tissues involved. Another factor that is imperative and has to be additionally taken into consideration in case of pediatric brain tumour surgery is the age of the child along with his or her overall well-being. Pediatric brain tumour surgery is offered at all the leading Neurosurgery Hospitals in India.
Assessing the overall health of the child:
Pediatric neurologists, neuro-surgeons, radiation therapists and pediatric oncologists from the best Neurology Hospital in Jaipur work in close coordination to properly assess and evaluate the overall condition of the child to decide whether it is feasible to perform the surgery or not. A detailed treatment plan is developed before any treatment is administered as such cases are of extremely sensitive nature. Various tests and procedures like neurological exams, imaging tests, biopsy, precision medicine diagnosis are administered to aid while diagnosing.
There isa wide gamut of surgical options to treat a tumour and most common of them is surgical biopsy. If the child has a tumour in the upper part of the back portion of the neck i.e. the brain stem, or in thedeep center of the brain, the tumour cannot be removed surgically as the invasion might damage the surrounding structures. In such cases, only a biopsy is performed.A surgery is administered to remove a major part of the tumour. In case the whole tumour cannot be removed surgically,chemotherapy or radiation therapy may be recommended to target the remaining portion.
What to expect after the surgery?
Post-surgery, the child may feel weakness and fatigue which may last for a couple of days and it is not uncommon for them to sleep more than usual. Personality changes, epileptic seizures, difficulty in speaking and problems in coordination are common side-effects of the surgery. Headaches, dizziness and sore throat are also common symptoms that may be experienced post-surgery and there is nothing to worry about as all of these are temporary and go away with time.
It is important to drain excess cerebrospinal fluids post-surgery for which shunts are placed in some cases. These shunts may be temporary or permanent depending on the requirement of the patient. It is not uncommon for children with a brain tumour to get permanent shunts. Anti-seizure medications may also be prescribed to the child in some cases.
Chemotherapy is administered in case of younger children so as to postpone the need for radiation therapy as the same can cause damage to the child’s developing brain. Generally, radiation therapy is given after 5 to 6 weeks of the surgery. However, depending on the severity of the tumour and age of the child, the intensity of the therapy can be reduced or it can even be delayed. Also, there is no need for radiation therapy if the doctors feel that chemotherapy is adequate. Although anesthesia is not usually required in case of adults, it might be required in case of children so as to keep them still during the therapy.
All aspects of the treatment like pre-surgical preparation, the procedure and the rehabilitation are important especially when it comes to treating a child. Depending on the affected area, the doctor may recommend speech therapy, physical therapy or occupational therapy. As per the best doctors in Jaipur, all these therapies aid the child in recovering and leading a normal life.