Headache: Types And Their Treatments
Headaches are one of the world's most common conditions such as hunger or stress headaches they usually tend to go away on their own and aren't a cause for concern. But headache due to migraine is not something taken casually.
Are you aware of these facts?
Some astounding numbers that will leave you stunned;
1. According to the International Classification of Headache disorders, there is a total of over 200 types of headaches.
2. Primary headache disorders are usually different and are not associated with underlying pathology and include migraines, tension headache, cluster headache and trigeminal autonomic cephalgias.
3. Secondary headaches are associated with an underlying pathological condition like medication-overuse headaches, brain infections, brain tumours, brain Haemorrhage, Intracranial hypotension or hypertension.
Types of Primary headaches
1. Migraine: Not to be taken casually
Migraine is not just a headache but a neurological disease that requires patients and doctors to work together in order to manage symptoms such as severe head pain, nausea, and sensitivity to light and sound that can cause significant disruption to patients’ lives. The patient’s brain suffers from sensations of throbbing or pulsating which often occur on half of the head specifically targeting a location but sometimes it may involve the whole head, and they sometimes switch from one side to the other.
Migraines can last for 4 hours to 3 days. They are often made worse and the patients often cause nausea or vomiting sensations. Other than this patients find bright light worse like watching television.
About a third of people are suffering from ‘aura’, or ‘a classical migraine’. The migraine involves the occurrence of warning symptoms before a migraine. These most commonly consist of flashing lights, often in the shape of zigzags also sometimes described as being like firework displays. They usually tend to occur on one side of the vision only and in some cases, people actually lose half of their vision completely. In some cases, people experience tingling or weakness only on one side of the body or slurring of speech. These symptoms usually last for up to an hour and are generally followed by a headache.
In the case of migraine which is quite a serious and painful neurological disease one needs a proper treatment as it gets worse if not taken care of. So, one should opt for the best neurology hospitals in Jaipur
as the city offers some good options.
How to treat Migraine?
The treatment involves more of self- management by taking maximum rest, sleep in darkness and in a quiet environment. Most importantly drinking a lot of water and if more serious than simple painkillers such as paracetamol and ibuprofen can reduce the same. However, there are cases of special migraines which involves the use of special medicines. Migraine is usually triggered by stress, certain foods such as chocolate and red wine, tiredness, and lack of body fluid (dehydration).
2. Tension headaches
These types of headaches usually last for several days and felt as a band or across the forehead. They tend to get worse as the day goes on and are often least in the morning and are usually felt on both sides of the head and are also known as pressure headaches.
What to do then?
Changes in lifestyle and self-management is actually the remedy and these kinds of headache respond to simple painkillers also. This can be done through by consuming less caffeine, drinking lots of water etc.
However, there are some other headaches that fall in the category of primary headache like Cluster headaches, Chronic daily headaches etc.
Types of Secondary headache
Secondary headaches majorly caused due to a substance, or its withdrawal. Medication-overuse headaches tend to be the most common cause.
1. Medication-overuse headaches
It is an unpleasant and long-lasting headache and it is surprising to know that this is caused by excessive consumption of painkilling medication usually for a headache. When the pain killer is consumed the body responds by making more pain sensors in the head.
Then what’s the solution of medication-overuse headaches?
One has to stop all painkillers for at least a month. Most patients find this very hard to do and take a lot of convincing to even try. The headache may take weeks or even months to lessen (subside) and may get worse first.
2. Headache due to referred pain
The root cause of some headaches is the pain in some other part of the body, such as a tooth or ear pain, pain in the jaw joint and pain in the neck. Sinusitis is a common cause which is ‘holes’ in the skull. The headache is often in front of the head.
However, there are other types of headache as well like Meningitis and brain infections, temporal arteritis etc. So, here it becomes imperative to treat these disorders by headache specialist in Jaipur
as the city offers some good options.