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Laparoscopic Surgery: Minimal Invasion, Maximum Precision


Laparoscopy can be defined as the minimally invasive procedure used to examine the organs inside the abdomen. Also, known as diagnostic laparoscopy it requires only small incisions through which the instrument with an attached camera is inserted and as a result provides the doctor an enlarged image of the affected part.

This involves the use of an instrument called laparoscope which is a long, thin tube with a high-intensity light and a high-resolution camera at the front. This is followed by the insertion of that instrument through an incision in the abdominal wall and as it moves along, the camera sends enlarged images to a video monitor thus, help in diagnosing the underlying cause.

Unlike traditional or conventional surgery, where it involves longer incisions, more blood loss and tissue damage, longer hospital stay and recovery period,the technique proves to be very convenient both for the doctor and the patient. The best multispecialty hospitals in Jaipur offer cutting edge facilities with an expert team of doctors treating the disease with utmost care and precision.

Why opt for laparoscopy?

Laparoscopy is generally used to detect the underlying cause of pelvic or abdominal pain. It is used when the non-invasive methods are unable to help with the diagnosis or detection. In some cases, abdominal problems can also be diagnosed with imaging techniques if required. These can be through ultrasound, CT scan and MRI scans. It can also be used to take a biopsy, or sample of tissue, from a particular organ in the abdomen.

In the procedure doctor may examine organs like an appendix, gallbladder, liver, pancreas, small intestine and large intestine (colon), spleen, stomach and pelvic or reproductive organs. Post-procedure the medical examination may end up detecting an abdominal mass or tumour, fluid in the abdominal cavity, liver disease or the degree to which particular cancer has progressed.

How is laparoscopy performed?

During the procedure, the surgeon makes an incision below your belly button and then inserts a small tube called a cannula. The cannula is used to inflate your abdomen with carbon dioxide gas. This gas allows your doctor to see your abdominal organs in an enlarged form. Actually, the camera is attached to the laparoscope displays the images on a screen, allowing your organs to be viewed in real-time.

What before and after the surgery?

Pre-surgery preparations

Before undergoing any surgery, it is important that you tell the doctor about your medical history or any medicines you are taking before this treatment. It is necessary for you to make the doctor aware of your current medical condition you are suffering from for a right diagnosis at the right time.

Apart from the medical history, the best doctor may prefer to do certain medical tests, urinalysis, electrocardiogram (EKG or ECG), and chest X-ray. These test can make your doctor better understand the abnormality or the disease. Most importantly, the patient who is undergoing the surgery should avoid eating and drinking for at least eight hours before the laparoscopy procedure.

Post-surgery impacts

As, it is not a risky procedure so, one should not have to worry about the same. However, for some time you may feel some pain in your shoulder because of the carbon dioxide gas which is released in order to inflate your abdomen so that it creates a working space for the surgical instruments. The gas released in the procedure causes irritation in your diaphragm, which shares nerves with your shoulder. It may also cause some bloating but all of this is just a matter of time.

A follow up is a must

One can resume all the normal activities within a week. At the same time, it is imperative to attend a follow-up appointment with your doctor say in two weeks after laparoscopy so, that the doctor can keep an eye over the developments happening post-surgery.

3 points to be noted:

  1. Perform light activity until you recover well in order to reduce your risk of blood clots.
  2. Get more sleep than you normally do
  3. Use throat lozenges to ease the pain of a sore throat.

 

Laparoscopic surgery in Jaipur is quite convenient both for the doctor and the patient. Its small cuts lead less blood loss and less tissue damage thus, a lesser hospital stay and faster recovery.

Tags: Laparoscopic Surgery, Laparoscopic and General Surgeries, Multispeciality Hospital in Jaipur, Eternal Hospital