Types of Treatments to Manage Chronic Pain
Pain management is a collaboration of techniques where effective combinations of treatments are provided for the best results. Surgical procedures can be followed up with a strict routine of alternative therapies and drugs. On the other hand, hypnosis may be complemented with a detailed drug therapy. Some of the effective components of pain management are described below:
1. Drug Therapy
Initially, medications which can either be prescriptive and non-prescriptive in nature are recommended to relieve the patient from the pain. The types of medications can be tablets, creams, lotions, gels, sprays and injections. Over-the-counter drugs are prescribed if the severity of pain is mild in nature. If the cause of pain is due to muscle stiffness, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are preferred from their anti-inflammatory properties. Topical pain relievers are popular for relieving the patient from the pain of sore muscles and arthritis. Contingent upon the extent and type of pain, the quality and dosage of the drug therapy is changed. Muscle relaxants, anti-anxiety drugs, antidepressants, prescription NSAIDs are only recommended if the pain is severe in nature. Strong painkillers are provided for a short course of time because their impact is powerful and quality composition is quite high. Specifically, for lower back pain or issues in the area of the spine, an epidural is effective in its performance. While steroid injections are recommended if the pain is observed at a joint area. An overdose if the drugs can be harmful to the health of the patient. Researches in this field have drawn a linkage between a high dosage of drug therapy with bleeding and formation of ulcers in the stomach. The findings also showcase that drugs have various side-effects, out of which heart attacks and strokes are the most adverse ones.
2. Physical Therapy
Another common treatment for pain management is physical therapy. The entire procedure is regulated through movement and function related techniques which enhance the physical fitness and boost the range of flexibility for smoother movements. The treatment plan under physical therapy can be divided into various parts out of which some are supposed to be performed under the supervision of a physical therapist while other can be managed by the patient himself/herself.
3. Mind-Body Therapies
Mind-body therapies are gaining popularity among this generation. The advent of mind-body therapies was marked under the category of alternative techniques but their combined impact on both the body and the brain has evolved their position as a self-sufficient field in pain management. The relaxation of the body is enforced through peace of mind in such techniques. Meditation is a favourite among the people for its effective response. Similarly other mind-body therapies such as biofeedback and hypnosis are being practised.
Acupuncture advanced from the field of alternative techniques. Actually, acupuncture dates back to the old cultures, it is focused upon the nerve endings. Acupuncture works by expanding the arrival of endorphins and thus provide a boost to diminish the pain. Basically, the focus on nerves through acupuncture makes an impression on the focal sensory system causing the arrival of endorphins. In local terms, acupuncture is referred to as needle therapy. Its inclusion is popular in a proper pain management system along with other techniques for pain relief. Cerebral pain, carpal tunnel syndrome, tennis elbow, fibromyalgia, osteoarthritis, and myofascial pain can be dealt with acupuncture which else has severe manifestations.
5. Surgical Implants
Surgical implants are a gift from the technologic advancements which have been undertaken thoroughly in the field of medical science. They are popular alternatives if the pain is observed in and around the area of the spinal cord. In spinal cord stimulation implants, low-level electrical signals are used to stop the reach of pain signals from the designated area of pain to the brain. Also recommended for back and limb pain, spinal cord stimulation implants come with a flexible range of intensity of the signals. Another type of surgical implants is infusion pain pumps which are technically termed as intrathecal drug delivery. It is used for direct transmission of pain control medications to the spinal cord and thus it requires a smaller dose in comparison to the oral intake.
On the usual basis, pain is part of our day-to-day routine, for instance when we workout or perform some heavy-weight tasks. Going for trekking or hill climbing also incurs ache for some time because it is not part of our daily schedule and the body has to perform excessively in such affairs. Pain can be dealt with over-the-counter drugs prescription which is specifically painkillers or some sort of gels and creams which effectively provide relief from the pain. Eternal Hospital is a well-known institution of medical care; we contacted their centre of pain management in Jaipur and tried to find out what happens once the pain becomes a chronic condition? In the response, they stated that chronic pain is becoming a common medical issue among the masses because of our lifestyle related problems. Though the treatments available for pain management are many they are often provided in an assortment which provides a culminating effect on the condition and aids in quicker healing. In the following excerpt, the popular treatments of pain management are discussed.
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