Understanding Parkinson's Disease
Parkinson's disease is a progressive neurological disorder that affects movement. It starts with mild tremors which become aggressive over time. The problem is likely to affect adults above 50 years of age. The problem cannot be cured;however, it can be managed effectively with the help of proper therapies and treatments which are offered at all the leading neurosurgery hospitals in India.
Various indications of Parkinson's disease:
Parkinson's disease is indicated by its symptoms which may vary from person to person. While most of these go unnoticed in the initial stages, they become prominent later on. It is pertinent to know that the symptoms of Parkinson disease usually begin on one side of the body and are likely to affect that part more. The various symptoms associated with Parkinson's disease, as listed by the doctors from the best neurology hospital in Jaipur, are as under:
- Tremor - It refers to the involuntary shaking of the limbs especially hands and fingers while you are holding onto something or even at rest.
- Bradykinesia - Parkinson's disease is likely to slow down your movement and make it difficult to perform voluntary tasks. For example, your steps will become shorter or you may find it difficult to raise your arms.
- Muscle rigidity - This is not restricted to the limbs but can happen in any part of the body. Muscle rigidity can make it difficult for you to move your body by limiting the range of motion and inducing pain.
- Impaired posture - The patient might find it difficult to maintain a proper posture and often crouch down or bend sideways involuntarily.
- Loss of certain involuntary movements - There are certain automatic movements that we perform in our daily life like blinking or swinging arms while walking. Parkinson's disease can affect these as well.
- Problems with speech - Some people with Parkinson's disease are likely to experience slurred speech.
What triggers Parkinson's disease?
Parkinson's disease is marked by the gradual breakdown or death of certain neurons or nerve cells which are responsible for the secretion of dopamine. The fall in dopamine levels is likely to affect normal brain activities, thereby inducing the symptoms of Parkinson's disease. Although the exact cause of the disease is not known, reports given by the best hospital in Jaipur suggest that several factors might be responsible for it. These include:
- Genes - Parkinson's disease might be a result of genetic mutations. Although the chances are quite rare, it is still possible.
- Environmental factors - The problem might also be triggered by exposure to certain toxins or extreme environmental factors.
- Lewy bodies - These are small clumps present in the brain cells that result from the accumulation of specific proteins.
Are there any risk factors?
The major risk factors associated with Parkinson's disease include:
- Age - The disease rarely affects younger people and is most likely to affect those in their 50's or above.
- Heredity - If you have a family history of the disease there are significant chances of you developing the same.
- Sex - Although the disease can affect both men and women, it has been found that the former are more prone to it.
Complications associated with Parkinson's disease
As mentioned earlier, Parkinson's disease is progressive in nature. As time passes by, the patient’s condition aggravates and the complications increase. The patient is likely to experience thinking difficulties, changes with emotional behaviour, difficulty with swallowing food and performing various day to day activities. Parkinson's disease can also lead to bladder incontinence. Proper management can help you to negate most of these complications.