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What are Common Speech Disorders and Its Causes


A speech disorder refers to the inability of a person to speak fluently owing mainly to neurological problems. These usually affect the ability of a person to create sounds while saying a word. The problem can affect both adults and children and can be treated with the help of a speech therapist. Such therapies are provided by the leading ENT specialists in Jaipur. The top speech Therapists in Jaipur provide treatment for both children as well as adults and have been acknowledged widely for their commendable work. Some of the most common types of speech disorders include stuttering, Apraxia and Dysarthria.

Stuttering is a form of motor speech disorder marked by the inability of a person to maintain a normal fluency or flow of speech.

Apraxia is a form of motor speech disorder that is caused by damage or injury to the part of the brain that controls our ability to speak.

Dysarthria is a form of motor speech disorder caused by defects in the muscles of the face, mouth or the respiratory system due to which they are unable to move properly.

Speech disorders can also be a result of psychological problems like anxiety and depression. Speech disorders can have a drastic impact on our vocal cords, muscles, nerves, and other structures within the throat leading to severe damage to the brain and vocal cord. This is usually accompanied by muscle weakness or respiratory weakness and can even lead to strokes, polyps or nodules on the vocal cords and vocal cord paralysis. Speech disorders can also be a result of other persistent medical condition like autism, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), strokes, oral cancer, laryngeal cancer, Huntington’s disease, dementia and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), also known as Lou Gehrig’s disease.

The various signs and symptoms, that indicate that you are suffering from speech disorder and need medical assistance, include repetition of sounds (most common in stuttering), adding unnecessary sounds and words, elongating the words, moving your head while speaking, blinking a lot while speaking, visible frustration owing to the inability to communicate properly, frequently taking pauses while speaking, hoarseness in voice etc.

A speech therapist can help you by suggesting facial exercises that help to relieve and strengthen your facial muscles. They also help you to learn, how to control your breathing while exercising. Hence it is better to opt for medical assistance as soon as possible.

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