When can Tonsils Become Harmful
Tonsils are collections of lymphoid tissue situated on either of the two sides of the back of the human throat. These tissues form the immune system’s first line of defence protecting against inhaled or ingested pathogens. They provide immunity against common illness like common cold. However tonsils can become enlarged or inflamed causing tonsillitis that need to be removed surgically or treated by the use of medicines.
No matter what the age of the person, Inflamed tonsils or tonsillitis can occur at any point in life. However these are quiet common in children especially those in the age group of 3-4 years to those who are in their mid teens. Tonsillitis is contagious and can be sometimes caused by common viruses or bacteria. Most often, tonsillitis is quite easy to diagnose. Some of the basic symptoms of tonsillitis include sore throat, swollen tonsils and high fever. Usually these symptoms go away in 7 to 10 days after taking antibiotics. As per a research done by a team of ENT specialists in Jaipur, an estimated 15 to 30 percent of the cases of tonsillitis occur due to bacteria (mostly strep bacteria). Some of the most basic symptoms of tonsillitis include sore throat which leads to difficulty in swallowing or at times even result in excessive pain. As shown by surveys conducted by ENT specialists in Jaipur tonsillitis may result in tonsils appearing to be swollen and red and may even have white or yellow spots. In younger children it has been noticed that tonsillitis results in increased irritability, poor appetite and even excessive drooling. There might even be tenderness in the jaw or neck due to inflammation in the tonsils. People suffering from tonsillitis may even happen to have a scratchy sounding noise, bad breath along with a very high fever of about 103 degree. According to one of the leading ENT specialists in Jaipur, children diagnosed with tonsillitis have often been seen complaining of earaches, stomach aches, headaches and chills. Other than that tonsillitis may also result in the stiffness in the neck thereby restricting the movement of the neck and resulting in huge amount of discomfort. Sometimes tonsillitis can cause the throat to swell so much that it makes breathing very difficult and in such cases one should seek medical attention immediately without further delay as recommended by ENT specialists in Jaipur. Immediate medical attention should be sought if fever is higher than 103 degree, if one is suffering from muscle weakness or soar throat that doesn’t go away after two days .
Doctor needs to physically examine the patient for diagnosing inflammation in the tonsils and for deciding whether it can be treated with antibiotics or in more severe cases if there is a need of surgically removing the tonsils. Surgery for removal of tonsils called tonsillectomy is recommended only for those suffering from chronic or recurrent tonsillitis. In case of dehydration due to tonsillitis intravenous fluids might be needed. Sometimes pain killers and antibiotics might be needed to relieve the pain in the throat while it is healing. As per ENT specialists in Jaipur patients suffering from tonsillitis may face certain complications such as obstructive sleep apnea as a result of which the person is not able to sleep well. Also if tonsillitis is not treated on time it might cause the person to develop a buildup of pus behind the tonsils. If proper care and treatment is not taken on time the infection might spread and result in rheumatic fever. As a consequence of which the patient might require drainage and more surgery. A team of ENT specialists in Jaipur while conducting a medical camp have even given some tips to follow at home to ease sore throat for patients suffering from tonsillitis such as drinking plenty of fluids so as to overcome the dehydration caused by the infection, gargles with warm salty water several times a day to sooth the throat. Using lozenges to calm the throat is another useful tip which might be quite handy. Using a humidifier to moisten the air at home may be useful for those who are suffering from acute tonsillitis. People suffering from tonsillitis should refrain from smoking as it might agitate the infected and inflamed tonsils and throat. In case someone wants to use over the counter pain medication, one should take their doctor into confidence as it make matters worse.
Since tonsillitis is highly contagious so in order to reduce the risk of getting tonsillitis, try to stay away from people who have active infection. Small children need to be taken more care of as they are more easily prone to this infection. Hands are needed to be washed and sanitised properly especially after coming into contact with someone who has a sore throat, or is coughing or sneezing. A person suffering from tonsillitis should stay away from others to prevent it from infecting others around them until they are no longer contagious. Patients suffering from tonsillitis should eat food that soothes the throat like warm beverage like tea or clear broth. Even cold treats like frozen yogurt and ice creams are helpful in relieving from the pain cause by the inflamed lymph node. Avoid having spicy food as it may agitate the inflamed node and cause a burning feeling thereby cause more discomfort to the patient.
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