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What causes Heart Attacks and how can they be prevented?


A heart attack is a condition in which the blood flow of the heart gets affected due to a reduction of blood flow or blockage. Heart attack is a very common heart condition that occurs among individuals all across the globe. The blockage is usually caused due to accumulation of fat, cholesterol, and other substances in the coronary artery that leads to a heart attack. Further, these deposits or accumulated fat are also known as plaque. Deposition of fat around the artery causes narrowing which puts a lot of pressure on the heart to pump blood; this condition leads to a heart attack.
Warning signs or symptoms of heart attack:
When the blood flow of the heart is obstructed due to any condition such as blockage narrowing or accumulation of fat then it causes a lot of pressure on the heart muscle and heart itself.  In such cases, the heart shows several warning signs that could be noticed. One should be aware and knowledgeable about the warning signs that the body shows and try to seek medical help immediately when necessary. Some of the warning signs or symptoms that the body shows in such a condition include:
●     Breathlessness
●     Fatigue
●     Weakness
●     Nausea
●     Vomiting
●     Chest pain
●     Numbness in arms, shoulder, jaw
●     Tightness in the chest
●     Cold sweat
●     Heartburn
●     Indigestion
●     Dizziness
●     Feeling tired after little work
●     Feeling exhausted after physical exercise
●     Sweating
●     Anxiety
Probable cause of a heart attack:
As discussed earlier, a heart attack is quite a common condition and it is usually caused due to unhealthy and sedentary lifestyle. Fat, cholesterol, and plaque are the biggest enemies of the heart as it causes the narrowing of the blood vessels that lead to several heart conditions including heart attack and stroke. Some of the probable causes of a heart attack may include:
●     Blockage of an artery
●     Narrowing of the artery
●     Torn blood vessels
●     Consumption of drugs
●     Smoking
●     Consumption of alcohol
●     Hypoxia
●     Slow blood flow
Preventive measures:
As discussed earlier, a sedentary lifestyle and unhealthy eating habits are prime reasons for having a heart attack. So, if a person tries to make positive changes in their lifestyle that helps in maintaining proper blood flow then one may prevent several heart conditions including heart attack.
In order to prevent a heart attack one should start eating a healthy diet and balanced diet. One should avoid eating an excessively oily, spicy,  fatty, and carbohydrate-rich diet. Further, one should try to maintain an active lifestyle and inculcate healthy habits such as walking, yoga, and exercise in their life. Smoking is one of the major risk factors in case of heart attack and other related diseases for which one should try to quit smoking slowly. People who suffer from high blood pressure or hypertension and also have heart-related issues, therefore, should try to maintain proper blood pressure in order to avoid a heart attack. One should also cut down on salt as it raises blood pressure and causes other health issues as well. Obesity is also one of the risk factors for having a heart attack. Therefore, one should try to maintain an optimum weight or BMI in order to live a healthy life.
Eternal Hospital is one of the best cardiac hospitals in Jaipur. Our cardiac department is backed up with advanced diagnostic equipment that helps in providing immediate medical care in case of emergencies. Further, we have a specialized team of the best cardiologist in Jaipur with various specialties, doctors, therapists, and healthcare professionals with years of experience in treating critical cardiac cases. If you have any cardiac-related queries or if you are looking for the best cardiac hospital in Jaipur then contact Eternal Hospital for expert assistance, treatment, and care.